Restrictions on Citizen’s Rights of Movement (COVID-19)

Restrictions on Citizen’s Rights of Movement (COVID-19)

GENERAL RESTRICTIONS

1. Have measures been taken to restrict citizens’ right to travel?

Yes. Declared at midnight on March 22, 2020, measures to restrict citizens’ rights to move around are in effect for as long as the state of emergency is necessary.

2. What are the current restrictions?

It depends on the group of people. There are 3 types of situations, with distinct sets of restrictions at different levels:

  • Citizens who are ill or under active medical supervision
  • Citizens covered by special duty of protection
  • Citizens observing domiciliary self-isolation

CITIZENS WHO ARE ILL OR UNDER ACTIVE MEDICAL SUPERVISION

1. Who is covered?

Current COVID-19 patients, those who have been infected with SARS-CoV2, and those who have been placed under round-the-clock medical supervision by health professionals or related authorities

2. What is “active medical supervision”?

Someone is placed under active medical supervision when a health professional has determined that preventative isolation is necessary.

3. To whom do these restrictions apply?

Those who are currently under the care of a healthcare facility, in their personal homes, or in a designated location dedicated to healthcare (permanent or temporary establishments)

4. What happens if these rules are violated?

Violating the mandatory self-isolation will result in a charge of criminal public disobedience.

CITIZENS COVERED BY SPECIAL DUTY OF PROTECTION

1. Who is covered?

Two groups of people are covered:

  • Citizens over the age of 70 years
  • Citizens who are immunocompromised, or already suffer from chronic illnesses and are considered by health officials to be at risk, such as patients with hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer
  • To whom do these restrictions apply?

Citizens who are subject to special protections can only go to public spaces, or private spaces that serve similar functions, for the following purposes:

  • To acquire goods and services
  • For health-related reasons, such as acquiring medication or for appointments with healthcare professionals
  • Visiting institutions such as post offices, banks, and insurance providers
  • Short periods of solitary physical activity, as collective physical activity is prohibited
  • Short periods designated for the wellbeing of domesticated animals, such as taking pets for walks
  • Other related outside activities for similar purposes, as long as accompanied by proper justification

* Immunocompromised and otherwise at-risk citizens can still go outside for job-related purposes, except in cases of authorized medical discharge from work.

2. What is considered “collective physical activity”?

Physical activity conducted or performed in a group. Short-term physical activity is permitted if it doesn’t exceed 2 people maximum.

3. Are there exceptions to these restrictions?

These public movement restrictions do not apply to the following citizens in their respective functions:

  • Healthcare professionals and other essential workers in healthcare and social services institutions, as well as civil protection agents (police officers, fire brigades, etc.)
  • National security forces, related military and civilian personnel, and agents of the Food and Economic Security Administration
  • Government officers and magistrates

CITIZENS OBSERVING DOMICILIARY SELF-ISOLATION

1. Who is covered?

All other citizens not included under the special orders and protections listed in Sections A and B accordingly.

2. To whom do these restrictions apply?

Citizens who fall under this designation may only go to public spaces or private spaces that serve the same functions for the following purposes:

  • Acquiring goods and services
  • Traveling for professional purposes and their equivalents
  • Physical activity requirements for professional athletes and trainers, as well as those whose professions are sports-related
  • Looking for employment or responding to offers of employment
  • Health-related responsibilities, such as obtaining healthcare, transporting those obtaining healthcare, and donating blood
  • Administering emergency services and related transportation, such as those related to victims of domestic violence or human trafficking, or placing at-risk children and youth in foster care under the direction and advice of judicial authorities or the Commission for the Protection of Children and Youth
  • Assisting vulnerable people, such as parents, children, elderly, dependents, and those with disabilities
  • Travel related to accompanying minors
  • Short periods spent outside for fresh air
  •  Attending school-related establishments or daycare centers (refer to provisions of Section 1 of Article 10 of Decree-Law 10-A of March 13, 2020).
  • Short periods spent outside for solitary physical activity, as collective physical activity is prohibited
  • Participation in social volunteering activities
  • Movement related to legal familial obligations, such as child custody responsibilities defined by the court
  • Movement related to authorized delivery services essential for those at risk or under special protections
  • Participation in judicial or legal proceedings
  • Visits to institutions such as post offices, banks, and insurance providers
  • Short periods designated for the wellbeing of domesticated animals, such as feeding or taking pets for walks
  • Movement related to veterinary duties or otherwise specified duties related to the wellbeing of animals
  • Travel in order to perform necessary tasks as permitted legally under previously listed restrictions
  • Travel related to diplomatic or consular duties, and related to international organizations located in Portugal for official purposes
  • Travel required to exercise freedom of the press
  • Returning home after performing above tasks or duties
  • Other related outside activities for similar purposes, as long as accompanied by proper justification

3. Are there restrictions on group gatherings?

Yes, gatherings of more than 5 people are prohibited, unless they belong to the same household.

4. What is considered “collective physical activity”?

Physical activity conducted or performed in a group. Short-term physical activity is permitted if it doesn’t exceed 2 people maximum.

5. What if I work in sports and fitness?

Physical activity requirements for professional athletes and trainers, as well as those whose professions are sports-related, is permitted

6. If I need to go outside, do I need a special document that explains that I’m leaving for a permitted activity?

No, a special document is not needed, except during the period of Easter restrictions. It is left to the discretion of security authorities to evaluate statements made by the person and supporting evidence to judge whether they are complying with current restrictions

7. When out in public, are there special restrictions I need to observe?

Yes. In all travels, the previously mentioned orders and recommendations must be observed and respected, especially those concerning distance and physical contact between other people.

8. Can I use my personal vehicle for permitted activities outside?

Yes, private vehicles can be driven as long as they are used for the essential purposes and activities listed above.

9. Do these restrictions apply throughout the entire country?

Yes, these measures and restrictions are applicable throughout the entire country, without prejudice to more restrictive measures established in certain areas by health authorities.

Refer to the following document for more information and advice: https://covid19estamoson.gov.pt/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/COVID_MAI.pdf

AIR TRAVEL RESTRICTIONS

1. What are the special restrictions in place during Easter?

Commercial passenger flights from national airports are prohibited

2. For how long will Easter restrictions be observed?

This restriction is to be observed from 00.00h on Thursday, April 9, 2020 until 24.00h on Monday, April 13, 2020.

3. Are there exceptions?

Yes, these restrictions don’t apply to emergency-related activities, or flights related to humanitarian aid or repatriation.

4. What happens if the special restrictions are violated?

Violation of these special restrictions is considered criminal civil disobedience.